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Metal Craft Products In The 20th Century, 50 Years Ago Are Basically Manual Operation
- Nov 02, 2017 -

China's earliest metal handicrafts, is the Neolithic Majiayao culture, Dawenkou culture and later Qiaojia culture and other sites unearthed in the copper handicrafts. Shang Dynasty gold handicrafts. Warring States period, a variety of metal materials and metal and non-metallic materials (jade, glass) produced by the combination of handicrafts. Han Dynasty can produce exquisite gold and silver braid, heap and mosaic products. Tang Dynasty is a metal crafts, especially the heyday of silver handicrafts, creating a relief-like art effect of gold and silver chisel process. In the Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasty millennium, due to the progress of smelting technology, the increase in metal materials, metal crafts have been great development, not only a variety of metal and a variety of materials and crafts, and a variety of process phase Combined crafts. Ancient Chinese famous metal crafts are the bronze medals of the Shang Dynasty, the gold and silver of the Warring States, the bronze mirrors and jewelery of the Tang Dynasty, the Xuande furnaces of the Ming Dynasty, and the cliffs of the Qing Dynasty. In the 20th century, 70 ~ 80 years, there have been aluminum, titanium, platinum and other metal crafts, and innovative corrosive paint, titanium cathodic oxidation and negative oxygen ion plating and other new technology. China's Tibetan, Mongolian, Miao and other ethnic minority metal crafts are also famous. Production organizations in different historical periods are also different. In ancient times, metal crafts are mostly enjoyed by the nobility, especially the precious metal handicrafts, more monarchy of the palace official handicraft industry. Tang Dynasty due to the development of metal materials, there have been folk production. Song has been silver shop. Increased production of silver in the Yuan Dynasty. Ming and Qing dynasties folk production of metal crafts is more prosperous, the main form of the shop before the shop in the silver floor, there are individual craftsmen street owners processing production. After the 1950s, by the factory production, the business sector distribution.

China's metal crafts can be divided into gold, silver, bronze (including antique copper, copper, etc.), tin, iron and so on. According to the use of practical products, exhibits and jewelry category 3. Utilities have bottles, plates, stoves, hot pots, copper pots, silver cutlery and tin wine, tea and other household utensils, as well as religious Buddhist supplies such as bell, exhausted, furnace, bell and so on. This kind of practical handicrafts are generally cast, forged, engraved, Lou, welding, embedded technology, with similar relief decoration, different from the general daily necessities. Display products are screens, wall ornaments, ornaments, car ornaments, horse ornaments, ornaments, all kinds of antique goods such as tripod, smoked, halogen, Gu, Jazz and so on. Jewelry has hairpin, ring, bracelet, necklace, earrings, tie clip, cufflinks, corsage, collar flowers and so on. In addition, there are practical and decorative combination of metal crafts, such as cane, sword, watches, tap, thermometer and so on.

Process according to the product of the material, shape, structure and decoration may be divided into:

① casting, calcination, baking, welding and other hot processing technology;

② hammer, squeeze rolling, breaking round, nest shape, chisel and other cold processing technology;

③ knot, heap, point save, etc. save pressure process;

④ mosaic, point Tsui, filling glaze and other filling process;

⑤ gold-plated (silver), gold-plated, gold (silver) and polishing and other surface treatment process.

Metal crafts in the 20th century, 50 years ago are basically manual operation. Since the mid-1950s, with the progress and development of industry, some auxiliary processes have been gradually mechanized, for those who determine the quality of the art of the key technology such as digging, filling, chisel, bonding, etc. are still manually completed.